Dental scaling and polishing are two common procedures that are often recommended by dentists to remove plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease if not removed regularly. Tartar, also known as calculus, is a harder substance that forms when plaque is not removed and becomes mineralized on the teeth.
Dental scaling is a process that involves the use of specialized instruments to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, both above and below the gum line. This is typically done using hand-held scalers or ultrasonic scalers, which generate vibrations to loosen and remove the buildup. Dental scaling is usually performed by a dental hygienist or dentist and may be done in combination with a local anesthetic to minimize discomfort.
After the scaling procedure is complete, the teeth are typically polished to remove any remaining surface stains and smooth out the tooth’s surface. This is done using a special rotating tool that is coated with a polishing paste. The paste is applied to the teeth and the rotating tool is used to buff and shine the teeth.
Both dental scaling and polishing are important for maintaining good oral health and preventing the development of gum disease. They can be done as part of a regular checkup or as a standalone procedure. If you have not had your teeth professionally cleaned in a while, or if you are experiencing signs of gum disease, such as red, swollen, or bleeding gums, you may want to consider scheduling an appointment for scaling and polishing at your local cosmetology clinic.
In addition to scaling and polishing, it is important to maintain a good oral hygiene routine at home. This includes brushing and flossing daily, using mouthwash, and avoiding sugary and acidic foods and drinks. By following a good oral hygiene routine and scheduling regular checkups, you can help keep your teeth and gums healthy and prevent the need for more invasive dental treatments in the future.